The elements of fraud are: (1) an intentional misrepresentation of a material fact, (2) knowledge of the representation’s falsity, (3) an injury caused by reasonable reliance on the representation, and (4) the requirement that the misrepresentation involve a past or existing fact. Dobbs v. Guenther, 846 S.W.2d 270, 274 (Tenn.Ct.App.1992) (citations omitted).
Kincaid v. SouthTrust Bank 221 S.W.3d 32, 40 (Tenn.Ct.App.,2006
Allegations of fraud must be plead with particularity. Tenn. R. Civ. P. 9.02; Strategic Capital Resources, Inc. v. Dylan Tire Industries, LLC, 102 S.W.3d 603, 611 (Tenn.Ct.App.2002). A claim of fraud is deficient if the complaint fails to state with particularity an intentional misrepresentation of a material fact. See Dobbs, 846 S.W.2d at 274. Plaintiffs allege, “each one of the Defendants did the acts herein alleged with the intent to deceive and defraud …” and “herein” refers generally to one hundred paragraphs. To pass the particularity test, the actors should be identified and the substance of each allegation should be pled. Strategic Capital Res., Inc. v. Dylan Tire Indus., LLC, 102 S.W.3d 603, 611 (Tenn.Ct.App.2002).
Kincaid v. SouthTrust Bank 221 S.W.3d 32, 41 (Tenn.Ct.App.,2006)